Dan-Gun

Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.

Dangun is the second form of the Korean martial art Tae Kwon Do. Students learn that the form represents “The holy legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC”. Unusually for a form, all the punches in Dan-Gun are high section (at eye level), symbolizing Dan-Gun scaling a mountain

Dangun Wanggeom was the legendary founder of Gojoseon, the first kingdom of Korea, in present-day Liaoning, Manchuria and Korean peninsula. He is said to be the grandson of the god of heaven, and to have founded the kingdom in 2333 BC. Although the term Dangun commonly refers to the founder, some believe it was a title used by all rulers of Gojoseon, and that Wanggeom was the proper name of the founder

Dangun’s ancestry begins with his grandfather Hwanin, the “Lord of Heaven” (a name which also appears in Indian Buddhist texts). Hwanin had a son Hwanung who yearned to live on the earth among the valleys and the mountains. Hwanin permitted Hwanung and 3000 followers to descend onto Baekdu Mountain, and then called Taebaek Mountain, where Hwanung founded Sinsi (“City of God”). Along with his ministers of clouds, rain, and wind, he instituted laws and moral codes and taught humans various arts, medicine, and agriculture.

A tiger and a bear prayed to Hwanung that they may become human. Upon hearing their prayers, Hwanung gave them 20 cloves of garlic and a bundle of mugwort, ordering them to eat only this sacred food and remain out of the sunlight for 100 days. The tiger gave up after about twenty days and left the cave. However, the bear remained and was transformed into a woman.

The bear-woman (Ungnyeo) was grateful and made offerings to Hwanung. However, she lacked a husband, and soon became sad and prayed beneath a Shindansu (“Divine Betula”) tree to be blessed with a child. Hwanung, moved by her prayers, took her for his wife and soon she gave birth to a son, who was named Dangun Wanggeom.

Dangun ascended to the throne, built the walled city of Pyongyang (present capital of North Korea), and called the kingdom Joseon. He then moved his capital to Asadal on Mount Baegak (or Mount Gunghol). Fifteen hundred years later, in the year Kimyo, King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty enfeoffed Jizi to Joseon, and Dangun moved his capital to Jangdangyeong. Finally, he returned to Asadal and became a mountain god at the age of 1,908.

Dan-Gun
21 moves

Dan-Gun

The illustrations for this pattern assume that the student is standing on line AB and facing D.

Ready Posture – PARALLEL READY STANCE

  1. Move the left foot to B forming a right back stance toward B, at the same time executing a middle guarding block to B with a double knife-hand guarding block.
  2. Move the right foot to B forming a right forward stance toward B while executing a high punch to B with the right fist.
  3. Move the right foot to A turning clockwise to form a left back stance toward A, at the same time executing a middle guarding block to A with a double knife-hand guarding block.
  4. Move the left foot to A forming a left forward stance toward A while executing a high punch to A with the left fist.
  5. Move the left foot to D forming a left forward stance toward D while executing a left downward block.
  6. Move the right foot to D forming a right forward stance toward D while executing a high punch to D with the right fist.
  7. Move the left foot to D forming a left forward stance toward D while executing a high punch to D with the left fist.
  8. Move the right foot to D forming a right forward stance toward D while executing a high punch to D with the right fist.
  9. Move the left foot to E, turning counter clockwise to form a right back stance toward E while executing a U block to E.
  10. Move the right foot to E forming a right forward stance toward E while executing a high punch to E with the right fist.
  11. Move the right foot to F turning clockwise to form a left back stance toward F while executing a U block to F.
  12. Move the left foot to F forming a left forward stance toward F while executing a high punch to F with the left fist.
  13. Move the left foot to C forming a left forward stance toward C while executing a downward block.
  14. Execute a rising block with the left forearm, maintaining the left forward stance toward C. Perform 13 and 14 in a continuous motion.
  15. Move the right foot to C forming a right forward stance toward C, at the same time executing a right rising block.
  16. Move the left foot to C forming a left forward stance toward C, at the same time executing a rising block.
  17. Move the right foot to C forming a right forward stance toward C, at the same time executing a left rising block.
  18. Move the left foot to B turning counter clockwise to form a right back stance toward B while executing a cross knife-hand strike.
  19. Move the right foot to B forming a right forward stance toward B while executing a high punch to B with the right fist.
  20. Move the right foot to A turning clockwise to form a left back stance toward A while executing a right knife-hand strike.
  21. Move the left foot to A forming a left forward stance toward A while executing a high punch to A with the left fist.

END: Bring the left foot back to a ready posture.

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